Main Article Content



The research discusses the international legal mechanism for preventing pollution of the marine ecosystem during the extraction of mineral resources. As land-based mineral deposits are being depleted, there is a growing interest in exploring and extracting resources from the sea. The growing demand for these resources has raised concerns about the environmental impact of deep-sea mining activities on marine ecosystems. It is significant to carefully balance the need for these resources with the protection of the marine environment. It is crucial to balance the demand for these resources with the need to safeguard marine ecosystems. More and more countries are beginning to develop activities to evolve marine resources in deep-sea areas. In this regard, the preservation and protection of the environment during the development of marine mineral raw materials affects the interests of not only an individual state, but also the entire world community as a whole. Therefore, cooperation at the international level is a key to ensuring the responsible and sustainable development of marine mineral resources.

Article Details



Zou K., Chang Y. C. Preserving Community Interests in Ocean Governance towards Sustainability: An Editorial Note //Sustainability. – 2023. – Т. 15. – №. 22. – С. 15894.

Mukherjee S., Ghosh K. K., Chanda A. Marine Mineral Resources //Environmental Oceanography and Coastal Dynamics: Current Scenario and Future Trends. – Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2023. – С. 269-324.

Singh P. A. The two-year deadline to complete the International Seabed Authority’s Mining Code: Key outstanding matters that still need to be resolved //Marine Policy. – 2021. – Т. 134. – С. 104804.

Harden-Davies H. 9 Marine Areas beyond National Jurisdiction //Oceans and Society: An Introduction to Marine Studies. – 2023.

Spies R. B., Mukhtasor M., Burns K. A. The montara oil spill: a 2009 well blowout in the Timor Sea //Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. – 2017. – Т. 73.

Laws and statutes

Application for approval of a plan of work for exploration for polymetallic nodules by Circular Metals Tuvalu Ltd., Legal and Technical Commission session, part I, Kingston, 14–18 March 2022. URL:

Responsibilities and obligations of States sponsoring persons and entities with respect to activities in the Area (Request for Advisory Opinion submitted to the Seabed Disputes Chamber). ITLOS Case No. 17. URL:

Resolution № A/RES/70/1 “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” (adopted by the General Assembly on 25 September 2015). URL:

The Duzgit Integrity Arbitration (Malta v. São Tomé and Príncipe), PCA Case No. 2014-07. URL:

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, opened for signature Dec. 10, 1982, UN Doc. A/CONF.62/122 (1982), reprinted in United Nations, Official Text of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea with Annexes and Index, UN Sales No. E.83.V.5 (1983).

Resolution № A/RES/66/288 “The future we want” (adopted by the General Assembly on 27 July 2012). URL:

Agreement relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

The “Mining Code” URL:

Tuvalu’s Seabed Minerals Act 2014 URL:

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources (London, 1 May 1977). URL:

The Strategic Plan of the Authority for the Period 2024-2028. URL: