Main Article Content



The quality and effectiveness of administrative work necessitate a shift towards digitizing management through the dedication of modern technology to ensure the speed and transparency of administrative services. This has led Algeria to adopt and consolidate the concept of electronic administration, gradually moving away from traditional management with its complexities and drawbacks, including time wastage and bureaucracy. The integration of human resource management with the idea of electronic administration represents the development of electronic human resource management (E-HRM) by enhancing the administrative apparatus and strengthening its human capabilities.

The topic of electronic administration in human resource management remains a subject of academic interest, particularly from a legal perspective, due to its novelty and importance. The study emphasizes the need to define the concepts by defining electronic administration and related terminology, as well as defining electronic administration in human resource management. Furthermore, the study examines the challenges faced by Algeria in adopting this concept as a manifestation of the Algerian e-government project and the obstacles encountered in its implementation.

Article Details



First: Legal Texts

- Law No. 09-04 dated August 5, 2009, containing special provisions for the prevention and combating of crimes related to information and communication technologies, Official Gazette dated August 16, 2009, Issue No. 47, page 05.

- Law No. 11-10 dated June 22, 2011, relating to municipalities, Official Gazette dated July 3, 2011, Issue No. 37, page 04.

- Law No. 12-07 dated February 21, 2012, relating to wilayas (provinces), Official Gazette dated February 29, 2012, Issue No. 12, page 05.

- Law No. 15-03 dated February 1, 2015, relating to modernizing justice, Official Gazette dated February 10, 2015, Issue No. 06, page 04.

- Law No. 15-04 dated February 1, 2015, which establishes the general rules concerning electronic signature and certification, Official Gazette dated February 10, 2015, Issue No. 06, page 06.

- Law No. 18-04 dated May 10, 2018, which establishes the general rules concerning postal services and electronic communications, Official Gazette dated May 13, 2018, Issue No. 27, page 03.

- Law No. 18-05 dated May 10, 2018, relating to electronic commerce, Official Gazette dated May 16, 2018, Issue No. 28, page 04.

- Law No. 18-07, relating to the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data, Official Gazette dated June 10, 2018, Issue No. 34, page 11.

Second: Books

Abu Fara, Youssef Ahmed. Electronic Marketing. Waseel Publishing House. Amman, Jordan. 2nd edition, 2007.

Bouhoush, Ammar. Modern Management Theories in the Twenty-First Century. Dar Al-Gharb Al-Islami. Beirut, 2006.

Jubr, Mohammed Saddam. The Coming Electronic Wave: E-Government. Unpublished, Amman, 2002.

Hegazy, Abdel Fattah Bayoumi. The Legal System for Protecting E-Government. Dar Al-Fikr Al-Jamei. Alexandria, First Edition, 2003.

Saad, Ghaleb Yasine, and Bashir Abbas Al-Alaq. Electronic Commerce. Manahij Publishing and Distribution House. Jordan, First Edition, 2004.

Amer, Tarek. Electronic Administration. Sahab Publishing House. Egypt, 2007.

El-Nagar, Fareed Ragab. E-Government: Between Theory and Application. Dar Al-Jameia for Publishing. Alexandria, Egypt, 2008.

Ahmed, Sameer Ahmad Samir. Electronic Administration. Al-Maseera Publishing House. Jordan, First Edition, year of publication not mentioned.

Najm, Aboud Najm. Electronic Management and Knowledge. Dar Al-Yazouri Scientific Publishing and Distribution. 2004.

Najm, Aboud Najm. Electronic Management and Knowledge (Strategy, Functions, Fields). Dar Al-Yazouri Scientific Publishing and Distribution. Amman, Jordan, 2009.

Hopkins, Markham. Electronic Human Resource Management. Dar Al-Farouk for Publishing and Distribution. Cairo, Egypt, First Edition, 2007.

Third: Articles

Bakir, Ali Hassan. The Comprehensive Concept of E-Administration. Araa Magazine, Gulf Research Center, Issue 23, 2006.

Bakri, Saad Ali. Informatics in the Saudi Development Plan. Al-Fasil Magazine, Volume 46, Issue 22, 2001.

Ben Ali, Ehsan and Tawal, Heba. E-Administration and Its Capabilities in Achieving Customer Satisfaction. Journal of Economic Studies, Volume 13, Issue 03, 2019.

Ben Aishawi, Ahmed. The Impact of E-Government Implementation on Business Institutions. Al-Bahith Magazine, University of Kasdi Merbah, Ouargla, Algeria, Issue 7, 2010.

Ben Gueda, Sara and Harkat, Said. E-Human Resource Management and Its Impact on Job Performance: A Case Study of Baticim Structural Construction Company - Umm al-Bouaghi Unit. Journal of Economic and Financial Research, Volume 5, Issue 1, June 2012.

Boukhari, Talja and Lekraï, Rafika. The Reality of E-Administration Application in Human Resources: A Case Study of Condor Electronique Company. Journal of Economic Studies, Mohamed Boudiaf University, M'sila, Algeria, Issue 37, 2017.

Touati, Amira. The Reality of E-Administration Application in the Insurance Sector: A Case Study of CAAR Insurance and Reinsurance Company. Journal of Economics and Applied Statistics, Volume 17, Issue 03, December 2020.

Jaleel, Wahiba and Nouri, Munir. The E-Administration System and Its Role in Improving Human Resource Management Functions in the National Education Sector: A Field Study at the Directorate of Education in the Ghilizan Province. Al-Yazaa Journal of Research and Studies, Volume 06, Issue 01, 2021.

Hajazi, Mohammed Osman. Information Technology: Opportunities and Challenges in the Arab World. Educational Research Journal, Volume 01, Issue 03, 2003.

Rabie, Nassira. The Role of E-Administration in Activating the Principle of Transparency. Journal of Law and Political Science, Abbas Laghrour University, Khenchela, Issue 08, 2017.

Zarkan, Aboud and Jabari, Chouki. E-Training: A New Concept for Human Resource Development. Al-Wahat Journal of Research and Studies, Issue 07, 2009.

Sharif Hamza, the use of e-administration elements and their contribution to enhancing the effectiveness of human resource management in sports facilities. Journal of Sports Creativity, Volume 10, Issue 01, June 2019.

Aisha Azouz and Zwaim Zahia, the importance of applying e-administration for human resources in rationalizing government management: The UAE Data System as a model. Journal of Modern Economics and Sustainable Development, Volume 04, Issue 01, June 2021.

Safia Mustafa and Ahmed Almawi, the smart municipality as a necessity for providing excellent public service in the digital age. Journal of Economic Notebooks, Volume 11, Issue 02, 2020.

Mohammed Dhaif and Mohammed Ben Moussa, e-government: Historical context, evaluation of the endeavor, and the challenge of implementation. Journal of Strategy and Development, Volume 03, Issue 05.

Faisal Fakhar, e-human resource management (E-HRM) in the organization: A theoretical approach. Journal of Economics and Environment, Volume 03, Special Issue 02, 2020.

Mohammed Qurishi, Adel Boumjan, and Mohammed Rashidi Sultani, e-administration and its role in development. Journal of Humanities Sciences, Mohammed Khider University, Biskra, Issue 47, June 2017.

Um Alkhair Gouara, general concepts of e-administration. Journal of Society and Sports, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Issue 01, October 2018.

Mohammed Wazaa, e-administration and its role in enhancing the role and status of human resources in Algerian institutions: A case study of Mobilis Telecommunications Company. Journal of Media and Social Research Studies, Volume 03, Issue 03, 2017.

Fourth: Ph.D. Dissertations

Iman Ait Mahdi, Human Resource Management in the Context of E-Administration. Ph.D. dissertation in the Department of Social Sciences, specialization: Organization and Work, Mohammed Debaghine University, Setif 2, Algeria, 2018.

Yumna Musa Ahmed Atoum, Degree of Transparency Practice in Administrative Decisions and its Obstacles from the Perspective of Academic Leaders and Faculty Members in Jordanian Public and Private Universities. Ph.D. dissertation in Philosophy, field of specialization: Management and Foundations of Education, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan, 2008-2009.

Fifth: Master's Theses

Ali Hussein, E-Human Resource Management as an Approach to Knowledge Management: A Case Study of Djezzy Telecommunications Company. Master's thesis in Human Resource Management, Department of Management Sciences, Faculty of Economic and Commercial Sciences and Management, Algeria 3, 2014.

Saleh bin Mohammed Al-Qahtani, Application of E-Government and its Role in Administrative Development at the General Directorate of Civil Defense. Master's thesis in Administrative Sciences, Naif Arab University for Security Sciences, Saudi Arabia, Riyadh, 2010.

Abdelkrim Ashour, The Role of E-Administration in Rationalizing Public Service in the United States of America and Algeria. Master's thesis in Political Science and International Relations, specialization: Democracy and Governance, Faculty of Law and Political Science, Department of International Relations, Mentouri University, Constantine, 2009-2010.

Mohammed bin Sa'id Mohammed Al-Arishi, Feasibility of Applying E-Administration in the General Administration of Education in the Holy Capital (Boys). Master's thesis in Educational Administration and Planning, College of Education, Department of Administration, Education, and Planning, Umm Al-Qura University, Saudi Arabia, 2008.

Sixth: Scientific Contributions

Bouqalqoul, Hadi. "Human Resource Management and Information and Communication Technologies: Challenges and Developments for Contemporary Institutions." National Symposium on the Contribution of Skill Management to Organizational Competitiveness, Mohammed Khider University, Biskra, Algeria, February 21-22, 2012.

Seventh: Websites

"Characteristics of E-Management" on the website: Access date: June 15, 2022.

Lectures on E-Management in Algeria, Department of Legal and Administrative Sciences, specializing in E-Management for third-year students, second semester, academic year 2019-2020. Available on the website: