Main Article Content



 This paper examines the energy transition in MENA region countries, with a focus on the crucial role of institutional quality and its impact on economic growth. It explores the interaction between institutional quality, energy transition initiatives, and economic growth, seeking to understand how institutional quality can facilitate a successful transition. The empirical analysis highlights institutional factors that can either facilitate or hinder the energy transition, as well as its influence on economic growth, using a simultaneous equations model. The findings of this research provide valuable insights for policymakers and economic actors, emphasizing the crucial importance of robust institutions in the energy transition process to stimulate economic growth in the MENA region during the specified period (1990-2020).

Article Details



Acemoglu, D., Simon, J., and Robinson, J., (2001). The Rise of Europe: Atlantic Trade, Institutional Change, and Economic Growth. The American Economic Review, Vol. 95, No. 3, pp. 546-579.

Aklin, M. & al., (2015). The political economy of energy access: Survey evidence from India on state intervention and public opinion. Energy Research & Social Science Vol.10; pages 250-258

Ang, J., (2007). CO2 emissions, energy consumption, and output in France. Energy Policy, 35(10), pp. 4772-4778.

Balachandra, P., (2011). Modern energy access to all in rural India: An integrated implementation strategy. Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(12), pages 7803-7814.

Barro, R., (1997). Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study » NBER Working Paper N°5698.

Blackman, A. and Bannister, G. (1998). Community Pressure and Clean Technology in the Informal Sector, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier. Vol. 35(1), pages 1-21.

Bersalli, G., and Simon. J; (2017). Towards an energy transition in emerging countries: what incentive policies for renewable energies in the electricity sector in Argentina and Brazil? Sustainable development and territories, Vol. 8, n°2; pages 1-21.

Besley, T.J. and Persson, T. (2009). State Capacity, Conflict and Development. NBER Working Paper No. 15088

Boulhaga M, Bouri A, Elamer, A. and Ibrahim, A. (2023). Environmental, social and governance ratings and company performance: The moderating role of the quality of internal control. Corp Soc Responsib Environ Manag. Vol.30 (1): pages 134-145.

Bo Li and al. (2020). Perspectives of energy transitions in East and Southeast Asia, Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Energy and Environment, Wiley Blackwell, Vol. 9(1),

Broggio (2014). The challenge of energy transition in the Brazilian Amazon. Electronic Journal in Environmental Sciences, Vol. 14 N° 3.

Busch, T. & Schnippering, M. (2022). Corporate social and financial performance: revisiting the role of innovation, Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 29(3), pages 635-645

Cho C. H. and al. (2014). An environment Kuznets curve for GHG emissions: a panel cointegration analysis. Economics, Planning, and Policy, vol. 9, N° 2, pp. 120-129.

Davies, B. (2006). The Relevance of Butler’s Analysis for Education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 27, 425-438.

Dawson, P., and al. (2010). Beyond Predictions: Biodiversity Conservation in a Changing Climate. Science. Vol 332, Issue 6025, pp. 53-58

Dasgupta and al. (2002). Confronting the Environmental Kuznets Curve. Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 147-168.

Deshaies, M. (2014). Ambiguities and limits to the energy transition in Germany. Energy transition. Vol. 14, N° 3.

Grossman and Krueger, (1995). Economic Growth and the Environment. The Quarterly Journal of Economics. Vol. 110, N°. 2, pp. 353-377.

Goaied, M. and al. (2004). The value relevance of accounting and financial information: panel data evidence. Applied Financial Economics, Vol.14, Issue 17. pp.1219-1224

Ishida, H. (2015). The effect of ICT development on economic growth and energy consumption in Japan. Telematics and Informatics. Vol. 32, Issue 1, Pages 79-88

Kais S. and Ben Mbarek M. (2017). Dynamic relationship between CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in three North African countries. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, N° 36, pp. 840-854.

Kammen, D., and Sunter, D., (2016). City-integrated renewable energy for urban sustainability. Science. Vol. 352, Issue 6288, pp. 922-928.

Kaufmann D, Kraay, A. and Mastruzzi, M. (2010). The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5430

Kuznets S. (1955). Economic Growth and Income Equality. American Economic Review, vol. 45, N° 1, pp. 1-28.

Lejoux, P. and Ortar, N. (2014). The energy transition: real challenges, false starts? SHS Web of Conferences 9, 01001.

Lund. H., and Mathiesen, B., (2010). Energy system analysis of 100% renewable energy systems: The case of Denmark. Energy. Vol. 34, Issue 5, Pages 524-531

Mtiraoui, A. and Snoussi, A. (2024). Analysing the Nexus Between Economic Growth, Institutional Dynamics and Environmental Sustainability in the MENA region post-COVID-19. Russian Law Journal. Vol. 12, N° 1; pp. 1195-1205.

Mtiraoui, A. (2024). The action of public power between digital evolution and the need for energy consumption: What effects on the economies of the MENA region. Working Papers, hal-04369170.

Mtiraoui, A. (2024). Energy transition and sustainable development: Case of developing countries. Working Papers, hal-04450499.

Mtiraoui, A. (2024). Interaction between Migration and Economic Growth through Unemployment in the Context of Political Instability in the MENA Region. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 14(1); pp. 204–215.

Mtiraoui, A. and Obeid, H. (2023). Public Expenditure, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Tunisia During the Period of COVID-19: Comparative Study Between Cartographic Spatial Distribution Analysis and Empirical Validation. Technium Sustainability, 4. Pags 45–71.

Mtiraoui, A. and al. (2021). Institutional Quality, Fight Against Corruption, Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in the MENA Region. International Journal of Progressive Sciences and Technologies. Vol. 26 N°. 2, pp.77-88.

Nordhaus, W. (2013). The Climate Casino: Risk, Uncertainty, and Economics for a Warming World. Pages: 392.

Osabuohien E. S., Efobi U. R. and Gitau C. M. W., (2014). Beyond the environmental, Kuznets curve in Africa: evidence from panel cointegration. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning. Vol. 16, N° 4, pp. 517-538.

Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Panayotou (1997). Demystifying the environmental Kuznets curve: turning a black box into a policy tool Environment and Development Economics. The environmental Kuznets curve. Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 465-484

Pellegrin, L., and Gerlach, R. (2006). Corruption and Environmental Policies: what are the implications for the enlarged EU? European Environment; 16(3); pp. 139-154.

Quintyn, M. G. and Gollwitzer, S. (2009). North-Wallis-Weingast Doorsteps Framework. International Monetary Fund. Vol. 2012, Issue 087.

Raimo, N. & al., (2020). The role of ownership structure in integrated reporting policies. Business Strategy and the Environment. Vol. 29, Issue 6. Pages: 2145-2892

Remigijus C, Streimikiene; D. and Kazimieras Z; 2008. The use of the environmental Kuznets curve: environmental and economic implications. International Journal of Environment and Pollution 33:2/3, 313.

Rodrik, D. (2000). Institutions for High-Quality Growth: What They are and How to Acquire Them. Studies in Comparative International Development. Vol. 35; pp 3–31.

Sachs, J. (2015). The Age of Sustainable Development. Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 53, N°. 3, pp. 654-666.

Sachs, J. (2015). The Age of Sustainable Development. Journal of Economic Literature, Vol. 53, N°. 3, pp. 654-666.

Sarsar, L and Echaoui, A. (2023). Does institutional quality improve the effect of renewable energy consumption on economic growth? The case of African countries. With econometric modeling. Finance & Finance Internationale .Vol. 1 No. 25, pages 1-17.

Schlosberg, R. (2013). Theorising Environmental Justice: The Expanding Sphere of a Discourse

Sekrafi, H. and Sghaier, A. (2018). The effect of corruption on carbon dioxide emissions and energy consumption in Tunisia, PSU Research Review.Vol. 2 No. 1, pp. 81-95.

Snoussi, A., et al. (2020). The Effect of Corruption on the Environmental Quality in African Countries: a Panel Quantile Regression Analysis. Journal of the Knowledge Economy Journal of the Knowledge Economy. 11(1–2).

Sovacool, B. & al. (2015). Integrating social science in energy research. Energy Research & Social Science Vol. 6: pp. 95-99.

Vanderheiden, S. (2008). Atmospheric Justice: A political Theory of Climate Change. Oxford University Press,

Xiaozi Liu, Gerhard K. Heilig, Junmiao Chen and Mikko Heino. (2007). Interaction between economic growth and environmental quality in Shenzhen, China's first special economic zone. Ecological Economics 62:3-4, 559-570.