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Purpose: The primary objective of this research is to investigate and analyze discrepancies in the application of diversion requirements, with a specific focus on juvenile offenders facing potential imprisonment sentences exceeding 7 years.

Theoretical Framework: The theoretical conception of this research centers on the idea of restorative justice and rehabilitation. It assumes that young offenders, due to their age and potential for change, should be diverted away from traditional punitive measures like imprisonment. Instead, diversion programs aim to address the root causes of delinquency, provide support and guidance, and involve the juvenile in repairing harm caused to victims and the community. This approach is grounded in the belief that intervention and redirection can prevent further criminal behavior, foster personal growth, and ultimately benefit both the young offender and society by promoting reintegration and minimizing recidivism.

Design/Methodology/Approach: This research adopts a dual-method approach, combining normative and empirical methodologies. The research employs descriptive research methods to examine how the judiciary handles cases involving minors eligible for diversion under the Regulation of the Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4 of 2014 and Article 5 paragraph (1) of the Judicial Power Act.

Findings: The study's findings emphasize the need for the judiciary to embrace a broader concept of justice within the societal context. While legal certainty remains important, the research reveals the significance of societal fairness in the implementation of diversion programs. It highlights the gap between strict legal requirements and the principles of social justice, which should be addressed to facilitate more effective diversion processes.

Research, Practical & Social Implications: This research holds several implications. Firstly, it underscores the importance of aligning judicial practices with the evolving dynamics of society. Practical implications include the recommendation for legal reforms, particularly within the framework of the Juvenile Criminal Justice System, to adapt to changing community needs. This may involve revising the criteria for criminal acts eligible for diversion, allowing the justice system to better serve the interests of both minors and society at large.

Originality/Value: This study contributes original insights by shedding light on the divergence between legal norms and the concept of social justice, especially in the context of diversion for juvenile offenders. It emphasizes the necessity for legal reforms to ensure that the justice system remains responsive to the evolving needs and expectations of the community. Ultimately, the research highlights the importance of harmonizing legal requirements with broader societal values for the benefit of juvenile offenders and society as a whole.

Article Details



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