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The implementation format of living law within the New Indonesian Penal Code has ignited a pressing debate on whether to regulate it through legislation or leave it unregulated, a crucial determinant for its success in Indonesia. This qualitative study, employing legislative and conceptual analysis, aims to find a middle ground that accommodates living law while upholding legal certainty and the principle of legality. Critiques of positivism underpin the inclination to shape living law without codification, fearing it could reduce it to positive law, diminishing its essence. However, without codification, the enforcement of living law becomes challenging, resulting in legal uncertainty and potential injustice. Hence, the targeted deconstruction of the positivist paradigm in the New Penal Code doesn't call for outright elimination but advocates adopting a revisionist form of neo-positivism. The integration of living law into the legality principles framework ensures legal certainty and alignment with national criminal law, avoiding standing outside legality bounds. Consequently, the government's legal policy in the New Penal Code is considered fitting, requiring further development to address societal gaps. This research contributes to the discourse on legal theory and the evolving nature of criminal law paradigms in contemporary Indonesia.

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