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This study delves into the often-overlooked narrative of Muslim women rulers throughout Islamic history, offering a comprehensive examination of their roles, contributions, and challenges. Contrary to common misconceptions, Islamic history boasts a rich tapestry of female leaders who held positions of political and social influence. This abstract explores the lives and reigns of Muslim women rulers, drawing on primary historical sources and Islamic teachings.The research investigates the socio-political climate that allowed Muslim women to ascend to positions of leadership, challenging prevalent stereotypes and shedding light on the diverse roles they played. By analyzing the reigns of notable figures such as Shajarat al-Durr, Razia Sultana, and others, the study provides insights into the varied ways in which Muslim women navigated the complexities of governance.Islamic teachings on leadership, justice, and governance serve as a foundational framework for evaluating the actions and policies of these female rulers. The study also addresses the societal reactions, both contemporary and historical, to the leadership of women in predominantly patriarchal contexts.Furthermore, the research critically examines the impact of these Muslim women rulers on their societies, considering their contributions to cultural, economic, and educational development. By contextualizing their rule within the broader historical and religious landscape, this study aims to contribute to a nuanced understanding of the dynamic role played by Muslim women in shaping Islamic civilizations.In conclusion, this study not only seeks to fill a historical gap by highlighting the narratives of Muslim women rulers but also aims to challenge prevailing narratives that often overlook their significant contributions. By understanding the historical precedents set by these women, contemporary discussions on gender, leadership, and Islam can be enriched, fostering a more inclusive and accurate portrayal of Muslim women in positions of authority.

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