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The knowledge of Intelligence/spying is part of the secret branches of knowledge. Intelligence is the name of true and authentic information, and the acquisition of knowledge is not possible generally without intense struggle and endeavor. It is such a knowledge that belongs both to the state of war and peace. It is the study of such a knowledge which is about the power and of the enemy forces and about such circumstances in which an armed action can be taken against the enemy. In other words, its objective is to have a correct, balanced and highly accurate analysis of the situation and the availability of information all the time about foes’ capabilities and intentions. The required information is gathered about the enemy during the peace time and the commander fights from beginning to the end during a war by keeping in view this information. The Battle of Badr is a fine example of intelligence victories. The timely transmission of information to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) about the plan of the Quraish prepared in utmost secrecy, change of the war strategy by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) though he had set forth for another objective and keep changing his strategy constantly according to the information was a brilliant example of his complete mental and practical harmony with his intelligence department. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) always used to have flexibility in his war strategies and used to amend them off and on as per the information received.

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Muhammad Akbar Khan, Hadees Difa’a, Lahore, Feroze Sons, 1968, p 125

Ibid., p 146

Maudoodi, Tafheem-ul-Quran, Lahore, Maktaba Tameer Insaniat, 1983, Vol.-II, p 124

Raufa Khalid, Ehd-e-Nabvi K Ghazwat aur Saraya, Islamic Publications, June 1999, p 53

Shibli naumani,Seerat-ul-Nabi, Services book club, 1985,Vol I, p 292

Hazrat Urwa (R.A) Bin Zubair (R.A), Maghazi Rasool Ullah, Translation: Muhammad Saeed-ur-Rehman Alvi, Lahore, Idara Saqa’fat Islamia, Club Road, June 2000, p 134

op. ct., Tafheem-ul-Quran, P 123

op. ct., Sahih Bukhari, Kitab-al-Maghazi, Hadith No. 3951

op. ct., Al-Tabaqaat-ul-Kubra, p 312

Al-Quran 8:7

op. ct., Al-Seerat-ul-Nabvia, p 215

op. ct., Sahih Bukhari, Kitab-al-Maghazi, Hadith No. 3959

Abu Dawood, Sulaiman Bin Al-Ashat Al-Jastani, Al-Sunnan Al-Abi Dawood, Cairo, Maktaba Al-Taoseeq Wal Darasat Fi Dar-ul-Fikar, 2000, Chapter Fil Basul Ayyoon, p 384

op. ct., Seerat-ul-Nabi, p 296

Muhammad Ahmad Bashmeel, Ghazwa Badr, Translation: Molana Akhtar Fatehpuri, Karachi, Defence Academy, 1989, p 140

Al-Quran 8:4

op. ct., Al-Seerat-ul-Nabvia, p 216

op. ct., Maghazi Rasool Ullah, p 142

Ibid., 141

Ibid., 134

Op. ct., Al-Seerat-ul-Nabvia, p 221

Abdul Bari, Rasool Karim Ki Jangi Hikmat Amli, Lahore, Islamic Publications 1998, p 32

Al-Quran 8:47

op. ct., Al-Seerat-ul-Nabvia, p 221

Ibid., p 224

Jonathan M. House, Military Intelligence, 1870-1991, A Research Guide, London, Green Wood, 1988, 5/4

D.S Rehman and Others, Early Battles of Islam, Army Education Press, 2001, p 50,51

Op. ct., Tareekh-al-Umam Wal-Mulook, p 149

Zarqa is situated five KM away from Amman the capital of present-day Jordan. The military training facilities of Jordan are present here. There is a small village near the army cantonment. Some Baloch people are also settled here but they are called al-Baloshi and are of Arabian origin. The famous Al-Qaidah leader Abu Musaab al-Zarqawi hailed from this village who was killed in Iraq while fighting against the American soldiers.

Gulzar Ahmad Brigadier (R), Ghazwat Rasool Allah (R.A) (From Migration to Badr), Islamic Publications, 2005, 168

op. ct., Sahih Bukhari, Kitab-al-Maghazi, Hadith No. 3951, p 4323

Al-Quran 8:5,6

op. ct., Al-Seerat-ul-Nabvia, p 19

op. ct., Tareekh-al-Umam Wal-Mulook, p 126

Al-Quran, Al-Anfaal 8:42

Al-Quran, Al-Anfaal 8:42 (as on 10 July 23)


Al-Quran, Al-Anfaal 8:42

Gulzar Ahmad Brigadier (R), Ghazwat Khatam-ul-Rusul (R.A), Nuqoosh Rasool No. 4, Issue 130,January 1983, p 334

op. ct., Al-Seerat-ul-Nabvia, p 235

op. ct., Ghazwa Badr, p 198

op. ct., Sahih Bukhari, Kitab-al-Maghazi, Hadith No.4018

Muhammad Hamidullah Dr. Ehd-e-Nabvi K Maidan-e-Jang, Islamabad, Millat Publications, 1998 p 92

op. ct., Ghazwat Rasool Allah (R.A) (From Migration to Badr), p 206