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India faces significant challenges regarding poor sanitation and open defecation, with over 60 percent of the global population practicing open defecation residing in the country. As of the 2011 census, 53.1 percent of households lacked access to toilets, particularly affecting rural areas where the percentage rose to 69.3 percent, while urban areas stood at 18.6 percent without proper sanitation facilities.To combat this issue, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on October 2, 2014. This nationwide cleanliness campaign aimed to achieve universal sanitation coverage, addressing the pressing concerns of open defecation and inadequate access to sanitation facilities across the country. The present study investigates the performance of Swatch Bharath, looks into future prospects and makes recommendations for its effective implementation

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Associate Professor, Dept of Political Science & Public Administration, Yogi Vemana University, Kadapa, Andhra Pradesh-516005


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