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Religious activism is defined as “mobilization of contention to support religious causes”. It is an inclusive terminology which accommodates multiple contentions, mostly emerging under the banner of religious legislation, preaching movements, terrorist groups and religio-political movements seeking to establish a theocratic state and groups who promote religious spirituality through combined struggle. The religious nationalism or religious activism has assumed a new surge despite modernization and secularism thesis. Religious activism has implications for ‘religious minorities’ all over the world including Pakistan. Religious activism intensified after the Lal Masjid (Red Mosque) operation in July 2007. The aim of this research is to investigate the phenomena of religious activism in the context of Lal Masjid and its implications for religious minorities in Pakistan. Minorities here refer to non-Muslim religious groups living in Pakistan. This research is analyzed in the light of radicalization leading to violence theory a test of 3-N model. Primary and secondary data have been consulted to achieve the objectives of the research.

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Author Biography




1Ph.D. Scholar, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

2Assistant Professor, Pakistan Study Centre, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.


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