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The right to access information is both a civil and political right, as it finds its legal basis in international agreements and some constitutions. It is essential for establishing democracy in societies and cannot be achieved solely by expanding political participation. This right is crucial for enabling oversight, accountability, combating corruption on one hand, and enhancing participation in the decision-making process on the other.
The world is witnessing a broad trend, particularly in countries aiming for greater democratic integration and transparency, by recognizing the right to access information. Therefore, the exercise of this right has become a necessity in modern states. In the era of information revolution, openness, and technology, establishing a legal framework that defines the means of obtaining information and ensures its free exchange is essential.
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