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Criminal psychology is a dynamic field that combines psychological investigation with the complexities of crime behavior and legal frameworks. This research attempts to explore the role of criminal psychology in the legal field in general, and in particular in criminal justice, as many crimes are committed due to psychological and mental disorders that are not visible. Knowing the criminal history, personal background, and psychological characteristics help in estimating the possibility of recidivism and responsibility for it.

The role of criminal psychology extends beyond prison walls to support prisoners in their successful return to society. Psychologists provide psychosocial support to prisoners who are close to being released.

This paper seeks to understand the degree of ongoing collaboration between criminal psychologists, legal professionals, and prison staff to determine the importance of criminal psychology in promoting fairness, effectiveness, and humanity in the judicial system.

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1University of Ghardaïa, Faculty of Law and Political Science )Algeria (.


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