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This study aims to analyze the issue of sewage pollution into rivers using two approaches, namely the statutory approach and the conceptual approach, in the context of the Citarum Harum Program in West Java, Indonesia. The statutory approach involves analyzing existing environmental laws, identifying gaps in existing regulations, and providing recommendations to strengthen regulations. The conceptual approach, on the other hand, focuses on developing a broader view of the interrelationships between humans, the environment, and the legal system, by formulating a conceptual framework. This research provides recommendations to governments, international organizations and other stakeholders in formulating better policies, regulations and legal practices to protect the environment and society. Research provides a stronger solution to the issue of sewage pollution into rivers. It is hoped that this combined approach will have a positive impact on maintaining environmental sustainability.

Article Details

Author Biography


Heni Nuraeni Zaenudin1,*, Sumardjo2, Sarwititi Sarwoprasodjo3,  Amiruddin Saleh4

Faculty of Human Ecology, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor, Indonesia1,2,3,4

Faculty of Social Sciences Education, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia1


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