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Water is one of the basic requirements for a human civilization to flourish and survive. It is crucial for human survival, but it is also a key factor in increased agricultural and industrial output. The current study examined how water shortage affected people's social well-being in District Karak, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A quantitative survey technique was used to collect data from 399 respondents for the study. The Risk Society Theory was used to investigate water scarcity and its impact on people's social well-being. A closed-ended interviewing schedule encompassing diverse components concerning water sources, reasons for water shortage, the impact of water scarcity on social well-being, and adopted government policies to assure water availability in District Karak was employed for the current research. The current study used convenient sampling technique. The data was examined using descriptive and inferential statistical methods. The results show a substantial link between dependent and independent variables. The findings suggest that people are frustrated and face dangerous situations as a result of their lack of access to the basic requirement of clean water. According to the report, most individuals are forced to travel in search of water, and there are problems among joint families and neighbors over the unjust allocation of water. Furthermore, They are obliged to buy water, which has an impact on their financial situation. Women and children are disproportionately responsible for bringing water over long distances, which has a negative impact on their health. People's lives have been disturbed and their livelihoods have been compromised as a result of water shortage. According to the study, if the problem is not handled quickly, it may increase with time, generating greater challenges for the residents of this region. As a result, everyone must take this issue more seriously in order to improve public health, biodiversity, ecosystems, and future generations.
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