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This survey is done by the aim of comparative study about theory of Faqih in the Ayatollah Sheih Fazlollah Nouri’s, Akhound Khorasani’s and Naeini’s viewpoints. Faqih theory includes of conversation and political military. This theory is on the base of political and pontificate conversation and it has accepted in the Islamic area and political and leadership in the Islamic and political system. In the other hand, the relation between religion and politics is the most important question and challenge and political action. Politic is as an organization and public approach of society and country and the original of real life, in the one hand, and religion and specially Islamic as a doctrine, institution and theory and public and spiritual regime, moral and jurisprudence humanity, moderate and transcendental in the other hand. So public and region are known by obvious interaction. Faqih is grown in the extend of this interconnection and religion politic and it becomes subjectivity and necessary in civil and political religion conversation and in the extend of theory and religion political system. The method of this survey is a qualify method and review of texts and library documents. Faqih is one of the most important challenges in constitutional history and there are some ambiguities for historians about the mentioned topic.  Some characters have special thoughts and their thoughts need detailed descriptions and exact researches.  These characters are Ayatollah Sheikh Fazlollah Nouri, Mohammad Hossein Naeini and Akhound Khorasani. There are two general viewpoints about this field: One of them is opponent’s viewpoint which a character such as Sheikh Fazlollah Nouri is known as a defender of Islamic monarchy according their idea.  And the second viewpoint is a compliant viewpoint which is known him as a real advocate of Faqih. These indictments  are the same of Akhound Khorasani’s indictments and introduced him as an adverse of Faqih. Although Akhound Khorasani’s operation proved that he believed to Faqih in operational and theory direct, he dethroned Iranian Shah, he commination the selected agency of people and dismissal him from parliament.  The results of this survey showed that Mirzaye Naeini had the same Akhound Khorasani’s opinion about some problems such as in charge of political affairs and their ideas are different about defining the legitimate rule. And Mirzaye Naeini has the same Sheikh Fazlollah Nouri’s opinion about tyranny and the rational necessity of government and it’s a rational task. And their opinions are different about some problems such as principle of proxy and general Faqih.

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Author Biography



1Phd student, political science, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad university, Azadshahr, Iran

2(Corresponding Author) Assistant professor of political science, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad university, Azadshahr, Iran.

3Assistant professor of political science , Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad university , Azadshahr, Iran.

4Assistant professor of political science, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad university, Azadshahr, Iran.



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