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The function of diplomatic missions is considered one of the jobs that are subject to the internal and international law. It is a tool for implementing the foreign policy of the state and is related to the diplomatic envoy who represents it. This is because the diplomatic envoy, like all other state employees, is entrusted with responsibilities and duties towards his accredited country and its nationals, as well as towards the accredited country therein. The head of the mission is the person appointed by his country in another country after obtaining the approval of the receiving country, and he shall be responsible before his government and the government of the receiving country for all actions related to the mission and the management of its affairs. Thus, he shall have the rank of ambassador, authorized minister, or person-in-charge, and according to the level of diplomatic representation between the two countries. The granting of diplomatic status and its degrees shall be related by the internal laws and these members shall be affiliated with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. However, the foreign service jobs are one of the categories of public civil service jobs, who implement their country’s foreign policy through the work carried out by the diplomatic envoy, at the request of his government, of which is considered as one of the acts related to the sovereignty of his country, and in the event that the envoy refuses to perform the latter, he will be subject to the disciplinary punishment imposed by his country for disobeying its orders, as he is being responsible for his political and administrative work entrusted to him. Moreover, the negligent employee shall be punished for his negligence by imposing an appropriate punishment and according to its severity. Thus, disciplinary action is deemed as an effective guarantee for the diplomatic employee not performing his job duties in accordance with the laws and regulations in force in his country.

The mission of the diplomatic envoy is ended due to several reasons, pertaining to his person, reasons related to his country, and reasons related to the country he is accredited at.

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Author Biography




1Ibn Sina University of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences

2AL-Nisour University College/ Baghdad/ Iraq


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