Main Article Content



In December2019, Chinese authorities reported new pandemic to the World Health Organization (WHO) under the name Corona virus disease or COVID -19. The pandemic has affected many sectors of life; the diplomatic field is no exception. Many offices and places have been closed. The gathering of people and face-to-face contact also prevented to avoid spread of the Virus. Therefore, this research investigates how the pandemic of Covid-19 affected the international relationships between states. The research questions whether e-diplomacy can play a role in continuing international relationships between states during Covid-19 and other circumstances similar to it.

This research finds that the e-diplomacy has its advantage and drawbacks; however, due to the emergency situation of the pandemic, the use of e-diplomacy is necessary as a way of communication to keep international relation between states.

Article Details

Author Biography




School of Law -American University in the Emirates–The United Arab Emirates.


Andersen, K. G., Rambaut, A., Lipkin, W. I., Holmes, E. C., & Garry, R. F. (2020). The proximal origin of SARS-CoV-2. Nature medicine, 26(4), 450-452

Ashish Sharma and VarshaSisodia, Digital diplomacy and the global pandemic, Media Asia, 2022, Vol 49, No.1, 62-64

ArturKluz and MikolajFirlej “The Impact of Technology on Foreign Affairs: Five Challenges” (2015) Foreign Policy Association.

British Embassy Holy See, Digital diplomacy, social media and the Holy See, Transcript of Ambassador Nigel Baker's interview with Fr. Antonio Spadaro, Cyberteologia 23 September 2014.

BoutheinaGuermazi, Digital transformation in the time of COVID-19: The case of MENA, World Bank Blogs, July 29, 2020

BBC News, Corona Virus: Egypt Institute a Diplomatic Campaign for Healthy public Relations with the West, (May 15, 2020) Available at

Cristina Archetti, The Impact of New Media on Diplomatic Practice: An Evolutionary Model of Change, The Hague Journal of Diplomacy · 7 (2012) 181-206

Dark Continent’ (1985) 12 Chicago Journal 166

Edafejirhaye I. Vincent, International Broadcasting as a Tool of International Diplomacy, (2016) IISTE, 46

Fikra Forum, (Washington D.C.,23 April, 2020)

Gotlieb, (Mcclelland& Stewart Ltd 2011) 190.

Glenn Kessler,Role of Radio Sawa in Middle East questioned, NBC News,13 October 2004

Friday Time, Surviving the Lockdown, Friday Time, (Kuwait, 15 May 2020)

Jan Melissen ‘The New Public Diplomacy: Between Theory and Practice. In J. Melissen (ed.), the New Public Diplomacy; Soft Power in International Relations (Palgrave Macmillan 2005) 5

Janice Gross Stein and Colin Robertson, Diplomacy in the Digital Age: Essays in Honour of Ambassador Allan

Kelly Vinopal ‘Researching Public International Law’ (2013) American Society of International Law 5

Mohamed Chtatou, Coronavirus in Morocco: Economic and Social Implications, Fikra Forum, April 23, 2020

Olubukola S. Adesina | (2017) Foreign policy in an era of digital diplomacy, Cogent Social Sciences, 3:1, 1297175

Patrick Brantlinger ‘Victorians and Africans: The Genealogy of the Myth of the

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (18 April 1961) 500 UNTS 95, (entered into force 24 April 1964)

Rene Albrecht-Carrie, a Diplomatic History of Europe since the Congress of Vienna (Harper & Row 1958) 20.

Robert Jennings and Arthur Watts, Oppenheim’s International Law, (9th end, Longman 1996) 1054

Steven Lee Myers, China Spins Tale That the U.S. Army Started the CoronaVirus Epidemic, The New York Time, (U.S., 13 March, 2020)

Triwibowo, A. (2020). Diplomacy and Covid-19: A Reflection. JurnalIlmiahHubunganInternasional, 103–112.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (18 April 1961) 500 UNTS 95, (entered into force 24 April 1964)

W. Phillips Davison, News Media and International Negotiation, Public Opinion Quarterly, Volume 38, Issue 2, Summer 1974, 174–191