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This research aims to develop an indicator framework to measure sustainable tourism in tourism destinations with environmental, social, and economic aspects. The indicators were designed using a literature review and expert review. The research produces indicators to measure a destination's environmental, economic, and social sustainability levels. The indicator framework was then used to measure the sustainability of Labuan Bajo, one of the UNESCO world heritage sites with its famous Komodo dragon. The results show that Labuan Bajo tourism is considered sustainable in social and economic aspects and average sustainable in environmental aspects. The framework indicators can be used as a reference for evaluating and improving tourism destinations' sustainability in a participatory approach with a better involvement of stakeholders.

Article Details

Author Biography



1University of Indonesia, School of Environmental Science, Indonesia, 

2University of Indonesia, School of Environmental Science, Indonesia, 

3University of Indonesia, School of Environmental Science, Indonesia,


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