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Political crimes and security crimes are two important groups in the field of criminology, which, along with the study in their field, can solve many current inadequacies and challenges among legal activists in the field of criminal politics. A distinction should be made between political crimes and security crimes; because the political crime is an intra-systemic crime from the point of view of Iranian law, without the perpetrator intending to attack the principle of the system; but security crime is associated with the intention of the perpetrator. Criminals of security and political crimes are dealt with according to the constitution of every country, but is the prevention and combating of these crimes in interaction with human rights or in opposition to it? Considering the fact that the intention of criminals in political crimes is different from security crimes, therefore, in distinguishing between political crimes and security crimes, interactions related to human rights should be observed; in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of the United Nations, the freedom and security of individuals have been considered as one of the basic and justice-oriented human needs for life. While examining the challenges in the detection of political crimes and security crimes, the present article deals with the interpretation of the interaction of legal rules related to political crimes and security crimes with the International Human Rights Organization, and by revealing its dimensions, it takes effective steps in recognizing political and securiy crimes and provides solutions to the challenges related to it.

Article Details

Author Biography



1Graduated in Criminal Law and Criminology, Department of Islamic law and jurisprudence, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2Assistant Professor, Department of Islamic law and jurisprudence, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

3Associate Professor, Department of Islamic law and jurisprudence, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran (Corresponding Author)



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