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This study evaluates how effective macro ergonomics is in improving the learning environment for children in their early years of schooling. A phenomenological approach was employed in a qualitative research design to gain in-depth insights into the experiences and perceptions of teachers regarding the implementation of macro ergonomics at the Montessori level. Data were collected through a self-developed, semi-structured interview guide using a non-probability, purposive sampling technique from six teachers belonging to Advance Montessori and Preparatory sections. Teachers’ perspectives on the impact of macro ergonomics on children’s physical, cognitive, and socio-emotional development were explored through interviews. Classroom observations were also conducted to identify macro ergonomic elements such as seating arrangements, lighting, noise levels, and curriculum planning and their influence on children’s engagement and learning experiences. The data were analyzed through thematic analysis, identifying recurring themes and patterns from the participants’ responses. The study highlighted specific aspects contributing to children’s well-being, engagement, and learning outcomes. It was revealed that macro ergonomics principles improve children’s physical and cognitive development and motivate them to perform better academically. The study’s implications can suggest to educators, policymakers, and school administrators to integrate macro ergonomics into the early years of education for which teachers’ continuing professional training needs to be designed. The study also contributes to understanding the role of macro ergonomics in promoting optimal learning environments for young children.

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Author Biography



1Assistant Professor, Department of Education, Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), Karachi, Pakistan. 

2Section Head (Primary), DHA College and School System (DHACSS), Seaview Campus, Karachi, Pakistan. 

3MS-ELM student, Department of Education, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), Karachi, Pakistan.

4MS-ELM student, Department of Education, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), Karachi, Pakistan. 


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