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The article presents the results of an investigation carried out between 2021 and 2022, which hasas a general objective to unravel the ideology and power contained in the messages disseminated by social networks in the 2018 presidential electoral contest in Colombia.Political propaganda is selected as the object of analysis. Methodologically, the socio-critical paradigm is adopted with a qualitative approach and as a type of research, discourse analysis. The corpus is made up ofmessages from the candidacies of Iván Duque and Gustavo Petro.Among the results, it is evident that social networks constitute a broad and important scenario in the dissemination and transmission of content, particularly in electoral campaigns; that in this type of message, discursive power is used to uncritically spread and reproduce ideologies that lead to prejudice and discrimination;that political discourse acquires particular importance through propaganda, as this is used by elites as a form of power and social control by making deliberate use of symbols whose purpose is to manipulate people's beliefs and ideas, or mental representations, regardless of the discursive strategies used to achieve it. As conclusion, it is highlighted thatin the 2018 Colombian presidential electoral contest, social networks play a decisive role in the dissemination of propaganda messages, whose purpose is to reproduce ideologies and impose power mechanisms to influence public opinion and, consequently, legitimize or delegitimize one's actions. or another party.

Article Details

Author Biography



1Universidad Pedagógica y Tecnológica de Colombia, Tunja Colombia.

2"Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas", Bogotá Colombia. 

3Universidad Distrital Francisco José de Caldas", Bogotá, Colombia. Orcid: 


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