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This study examined the prevalence, impact, and challenges of implementing legislation intended at preventing domestic violence in Pakistan. The study employed a hybrid methodology, including a survey of 140 women and an examination of legal case studies. The findings indicated a high prevalence of physical, psychological, financial, and sexual violence, with significant health consequences. Fear factors, such as retaliation, social stigma, divorce, and future instability, were identified as significant deterrents for victims to report abuse. The research also reveals a disconnection between the enactment and enforcement of domestic violence laws. While some cases of domestic violence were acknowledged and addressed, a significant number were dismissed as private matters or were not pursued after registration. The study recommended comprehensive interventions to increase public awareness, strengthen legal enforcement, enhance victim support services, and advance gender equality. Future research should investigate unreported cases and assess the efficacy of interventions. The findings highlight the urgent need for concerted efforts to reduce domestic violence and guarantee the safety and justice of all Pakistani women.

Article Details

Author Biography



PhD Scholar - Law (Social Science)

ShaheedZulfiqar Ali Bhutto University of Law Clifton Karachi


Ex. Dean Faculty of Law, Federal Urdu University

Ex. Director, Law & Legislation, Dadabhoy Institution of Higher Education


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