Main Article Content



purpose of juvenile justice is to protect and expand young people's constitutional rights. It's the branch of law concerned with juvenile offenders, neglected kids, and abandoned kids. Its focus is on rehabilitation rather than punishment, unlike adult criminal justice. International norms stress the significance of both prevention and rehabilitation for minors who are in dispute with the law and have been accused of criminal behaviour.

Any child claimed as, charged of, or acknowledged as having allegedly broken the criminal justice system has the “right to be treated in a manner consistent with promotion of a promotion of the children's sense of dignity and worth, as stated in these guidelines.” In India, Article 15 of the Constitution ensures that children's rights are prioritised via the execution of certain laws and policies. This mandate has far-reaching implications for India's juvenile justice system. The policy is grounded on constitutional safeguards such as the equality guarantee, the right to life and liberty for oneself, and the right to be free from exploitation.

Article Details

Author Biography



1Research Scholar, 2Associate Professor

1Roll No.A1812811001

1,2University School of Law

1,2Guru Kashi University, Talwandi Sabo


Ram Ahuja, Social Problems in India, 3rd Ed, Rawat Publication, Ch-15,Pg-379.

Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act 2015.

Preston Elrod & R.S Scott Ryder , Juvenile Justice-A Social Historical and Legal Perspective, 3rd ed, Jones and Bartlet Publishers, Ch-1,Pg-8.

Justice P.S Narayana, Commentary on the protection of children from Sexual offence Act 2012, Universal Publication, 2013 Edition.

Rolf Loeber,David Farrington, Serious and Violent Juvenile Offenders, Sage Publication,

Ram Ahuja, Social Problems in India, Rawat Publication, 3rd ed, Ch-15,Pg 379

Adenwalla, M. 2006. Child Protection and Juvenile Justice System for Juvenile in conflict with law. Mumbai, Childline India Foundation.

Bhattacharya, S K. 2000. Juvenile Justice: An Indian Scenario, New Delhi, Regency Publications.

Eaton JW, Polk K. 1961. Measuring Delinquency, Pittsburg Press, Pittsburg University.

Hansaria V, Jose PI. 2011. Juvenile Justice System, Delhi. Universal Law Publishing Company Pvt. Ltd.

Mehta, N. 2008. Child Protection and Juvenile Justice System, Mumbai, Childline India Foundation.

Ministry of Home Affairs. National Crime Records Bureau, New Delhi, Government of India, 2012.

Mousumi Dey 2014. ‘Juvenile Justice in India’ published in International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidiscipli nary Studies (IJIMS), Vol 1, No.6, 64-70. Available at online at , Assessed on 03.09.2018

Sabnis, MS. 1996. Juvenile Justice and Juvenile Correction: Pride and Prudence. Bombay and New Delhi, Somaiya Publicat ions Pvt.Ltd..

Srivastava SP. 1989. Juvenile Justice in India: Policy, Programme, and perspective, Delhi, Ajanta Publication. The Times of India, Delhi, September 22, 2013

Vedackumchery, J. 1996. The Police and Delinquency in India, New Delhi, APH Publishing.

Vedkumari, the juvenile justice system in India, 2nd edition, the oxford university press

Prakash Haveripet (2013). “Causes and Consequences of Juvenile Delinquency in India”, Recent Research in Science and Technology 2013, 5(3), pp 29-31

National Crime Records Bureau (2016), Crime in India 2015, New Delhi: Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, Chapter 10

Platt A.M. (1977), The Child Savers: The Invention of Delinquency, Chicago: University of Chicago Press

Dr. Subramanian Swamy and Others vs. Raju Thr. Member of Juvenile Justice Board and Another (2014) 8 SCC 390, at para 38

Arlene Manoharan and Swagata Raha, “Juveniles Need Reform Not Prison,” The Hindu, 24 April 2015

Sheela Barse&Anr. vs. Union of India &Ors. 1986 AIR 1986 SC 1773